Session 2
The Languages in the world

Welcome to Session 2 of the EDUC 297-ENL Linguistics class

Readings: Cambridge Encyclopedia of Languages (CEL)“ The Languages in the world” (p. 283-393)

Discussion on Ning: Main thing you took away from the reading and class discussion this week. Use discussion questions from end of the chapter.
Discussion of class topics (Check syllabus for details)

Click here to watch the video on how language transformed humanity. I have also posted the comments. Add your comments after viewing the video.

Click here to read the Blog post on Language study is interesting. Add your response after reading the article or add your comments to the post.

Click here to try writing your name using the ancient Egyptian language.

Dialects ~ This is an online activity cross-posted from DARE. It is a good activity to gauge differences in dialects and speaking within our own language. Answer each of the following questions with the first answer.
Click here to do the activity
Click here to check the answers of your activity

Click here to add your discussion. Comment on two others.


Reflection paper due by Sunday
Discussion and Responses on Ning by the weekend


Chinese Word of the Day

Click to learn new Chinese vocabulary by clicking the speaker icons to hear native pronunciation.

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Resources and Links:
World Watch : This was an article I came across in my research. It is a great article on endangered languages in the world. It also has some fascinating facts of how many languages were at one time in the world! (15,000)

Ethnologue: This web site has great information about languages of the work, numbers of speakers, dialects and is organized by country and language name.

The Domain of Linguistics: This website has great resources about Applied Linguistics,Computers and Language,Discourse Analysis,Endangered Languages,Grammar,History of Linguistics and more...

Word Reference- This website is an online dictionary, but also includes a verb conjugation chart. This is one of the best online multilingual dictionary. You can put words in English and have it translated into Czech, Arabic, Spanish, French, German, Italian, Russian, Japanese, Italian, Portuguese, Polish, Romanian, Turkish to name a few!

DiversityLearningK12- provides expert guidance in working with ELLs in multiple contexts.

Language of the World Quizzes-These quizzes are related to the Transparent Language Languages of the World software program.

Writing systems and languages of the world

Endangered Languages - As "globalization" increases, so does the loss of human languages. People find it easier to conduct business and communicate with those outside their own culture if they speak more widely used languages like Chinese, Hindi, English, Spanish or Russian

The World Through 3,054 Lenses ~The Endangered Languages Project that Google has launched to help try to preserve dying languages.

The Hans Rausing Endangered Languages Project

Languages and Multilanguage: A selection of [[#|free websites]] forlearning languages. These include English language sites, designed to support children learning a new language, and websites for young native speakers of other languages.

20 ways to learn a language has different learning strategies and sites to go along with the different aspects of learning a new language.

Native American Indian Symbols & Symbolism - Language is filled with symbols; however, the symbols must have meaning to those reading or listening to the language. These are some Native American symbols that are part of their language. To many of us the symbols would not mean anything, but to Native Americans they mean a great deal. The descriptions about what characteristics they associate various animals with is really interesting.

Importance of Learning Languages

How to learn any language has a list of languages along with the people who speak and where they are spoken.

All you wanted to learn about foreign languages

BBC languages: 40 links to different languages. Most include info about the language and people. Also includes phrases with pronunciation!

How to say Hello and Goodbyes

Click here to say Hello, Thank You, Yes/No , Good Bye in different languages.

Meet passionate travelers, writers, photographers, and adventurers from around the world.

World Hum
Words of the World - collection of videos featuring linguists explaining the origins of and history of the use of words in the English language.

Morning Calm Chronicles

Candice Does the World


Digital Dialects offers educational games and activities for learning 55 different languages. Most of the games are designed to learn and practice the basics.

Bilingualism: Information of Bilingualism from the Linguistics Society of America.

Should students be required to learn a second language? ~ The focus of this articles is on learning about other cultures, diversity, and languages. I definitely think that if it is possible, students should be required to learn at least some of another language. In the future, it will be almost essential in the job market plus it helps prevent Alzheimers. Moreover,it is crucial for our students to be bilingual to compete in the world market.

Multilingualism: Information of Multilingualism from the Linguistics Society of America.

- The new science of language and mind.

Google Translate: free online language translation service instantly translates text and web pages. This translator supports: English, Afrikaans, Albanian, Arabic, ...

I Hear America Singing
French - Verb Conjugation
French-English Dictionary
French - Game for Learning Numbers
French Learning Website
French - Learn French
Spanish - Learn Spanish
French - Virtual Museums
Free Translations

This site has 100 essential phrases for teachers in Spanish/English

Spanish Sign Language:"Catalan Sign Language" ~ It is a type of sign language that is specific to the Barcelona area of Catalan where the Spanish language of Catalan is spoken.

Livemocha is the world’s largest online language learning community, offering free and paid online language [[#|courses]] in 35 languages to more than 10 million members from 196 countries around the world.

Verbling ~ the instant way to practice and learn a language

What is Ebonics (African American Vernacular English)?

Language Profiles-This website has information about the historical, cultural, and social roots of the language, a map showing where the language is spoken, basic facts about the grammar, writing systems, and history of the language, and a wealth of other sociolinguistic information.

What is an Accent? Ask a Linguist

Lingua Franca ~ An Overview of Lingua Franca, Pidgins, and Creole

Interpreters code of ethics- Here is the pdf document of code of ethics for interpretation. This document is very handy as we use a lot of interpreting in our schools.It is hard to imagine not to put your personal opinion in the conversation when interpreting if it is a topic that you might feel strongly about.

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Languages Matter
This video try to raise awareness on the importance on languages today and also shows how some languages may become extinct a few years down the line. It is important to let our students speak their native language so they can practice and not forget it and emphasize the importance of speaking their mother tongue at home.

Language in the World
Click on the link above to view the languages of the world

Language, Dialect, Variety

‘Bird Language’ or Kus Dili

Centuries-old whistled dialect used to communicate across hillsides in the village of Kuskoy, Turkey. The video below talks about how people in a Turkish town have created an entire language made from whistling. About 500 years ago the Turkish people created this whistle language to communicate with each other in the mountains. The people have created 20 sounds to represent each syllable. This article gives one account to how languages form. A whistle language works for these mountain people, because it carries hundreds of feet.

Watch this you tube video that students put together stating they are Deaf and Not Dumb. The best thing that stood out was when the one girl says “put yourselves in our shoes.”