Session 7

Phonetics, Phonology and Sounds of English

Welcome to Session 7 of the EDUC 297-ENL Linguistics class

Medium of Language: speaking and listening
Readings: Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (CEL)

“Phonetics, Phonology and Sounds of English” (p.123–178)

Discussion on Ning: Main thing you took away from the reading and class discussion this week.
Click here to add your Blog post for phonology /Discussion forum. Comment on two others.

Click here to read the blog post on Using the Vernacular and English in the classroom and reply to the blog

Click here to view the video on 1. S and Z consonants and 2. Phonology -- The Sound Patterns of Language Made Easy

Email Reflection Paper
Discussion on Ning: Main thing you took away from the reading and response to two others

Session 8
Welcome to Session 8 of the EDUC 297-ENL Linguistics class

More on Phonology and sounds of English
Readings: Linguistics for L2 Teachers
Ch.5– “American English Variations” (p.87-115)

Discussion on Ning: Main thing you took away from the reading and class discussion this week.
Click hereto add yourBlog post /Discussion forum. Comment on two others.

Click here to do the worksheet for 1. Phonetic Transcription 2. Sounds and Spelling English Consonants 3. Test your English Pronunciation

Reflection Paper
Discussion on Ning: Main thing you took away from the reading and response to two others

Resources and Links:
What is phonology? Everything you need to know about phonology

Phonology: "the sounds of language" - function, behaviour and organization of sounds

PHONOLOGY: This website has an overview of Phonology with web-based actitivies to gain extra practice

Phonology and Phonetics:This website has exercises and performance exercises for various topics in Phonology and Phonetics

Online phonetics resources:This web site has lot of links which include audio, images, or interactive material

Phonetics: The sounds of English and Spanish

Phonetic Chart:Click each symbol to hear it spoken. Great website to practice the phonetic skills

Speech Sounds and Phonetic Symbols - This website has the different speech sounds and phonetic symbols.

Phoneme and Allophone - This website gives a comprehensive review of the topics.

What Noises Do Animals Make In Other Languages? Here Is An Important Guide

Sound in other languages-animals~ In this website you can here how animal sounds are pronounced in other languages. This would be great for elementary or early childhood specifically especially when they are reading stories. Pretty cool has visuals of animals, visuals of flags to click on language!

Phonemes Song ~ This song works well for learning phonemes in the younger grades. The students could also develop songs for different phonemes that they are learning about. A great resource for teaching ELL students. Students learn better through songs, and so this would be a way to help them learn more English rhyming words and to help them better remember.

Teaching phonemic segmentation - This pdf document provides a variety of activities for students. The activities probably wouldn' t be used as lessons in themselves but could be great additions to phonics lessons. There are psychomotor activities that ask students to jump forward the amount of phonemes in a word, to activities like a song that is to the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star. Another activity that we're all aware of integrating into phonics lesson is the elkonin box activity. This is just a great resource to have for our phonics instruction. For ENL kids, being able to understand phonemes is a stepping stone to understanding the English language. Working on stretching words and using elkonin boxes will help our students know and recognize phonemic segments.

A Phonics Resource ~ Here is the .pdf document of an activity that can be done in the classroom to work on Graphemes and blending... It is so detailed and explained very well. The pictures and suggestions of what to do and what NOT to do is very informative.

Ideas and Activities to develop phonological awareness skills - This pdf document provides numerous activities, but it is a much larger document to read through but another good resource to have. It is for an Early Intervention Program in Virginia (a teacher's resource guide). The resource is a 52 page and has a lot of good information, not only in instruction, but also background knowledge about phoneme awarness and understanding for our students.

ELL and the 5 components of Reading Instruction - Phonics is one of the 5 components and there are insightful considerations for the teacher to think about with ELL students.

The Phonetic Chart: is for people interested in learning the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) symbols. This is a useful skill for learners and teachers of English who may want to check the pronunciation of a word in a dictionary. Use the phonetic chart to learn the sounds of English. Then do a quiz to see how well you have learnt them.

Couple of instructons:

1. Click on the buttons to learn the sounds of the phonetic symbols then test your knowledge with the quiz, click on kwiz

2.Click on si: to see

3. Click on nekst to clik on next

The ASCII Phonetic Alphabet: This website has letters and symbols displayed with the sounds and pronunciations to listen online

Phonetic alphabets reference Chart


The International Phonetic Alphabet: great resource to see and hear the sound samples

English Phonetic Transcription Converter: This website allows to convert English text to its phonetic transcription using International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) symbols. The database contains more than 125,000 English words, including 68,000 individual words and 57,000 word forms, such as plurals etc.

Fun with Phonemes: The game provides valuable fun practice in recognising the common alternative spelling choices for the nine vowel phonemes

Songs for phonology - This website that has a whole list of songs and includes the levels and level of the songs.

Phonics resources for teachers: This website has some excellent resources for teachers to use. There are flashcards that students can practice their vocabulary and phonics with.

PHONICS QUIZ ~ You have to match the word to the picture. Among your choices are words that have similar meanings and/or spellings or sound the same challenging the quiz taker. An interactive site like this would be good for students so they can go back afterwards and see what they got wrong. This website also has some great resources and access to resources for other English difficulties. It is a great way for them to learn about some cultural things too like the caution or deny sign. This quiz page could be a preliminary way to assess where the students are at, then do it and also to show how much they have learned.

Fast Phonics - I liked this website, because it pronounces words for students, so they can hear how the words should be said while looking at how the word is spelled. I like that students learn visually and auditory at the same time. Students can also work at their own pace. This is a resources I would suggest for students to work on at home!

Games and worksheets on phonics: A great website to use in the classroom.

Phoneme games for variety of grades - This website offers a variety of fun learning games and resources for teachers. There is a pumpkin patch game for example that asks students to listen to a sound and match it with the pumpkin making the sound in the patch. Another game called the sand castle quiz adds a scoop of sand to the castle for every phoneme found in a word.

Phonological Awareness Activities - This website gives many different activities under six topics to use in the classroom for when you are talking about phonology.

Phoneme Awareness Activities - This short article's focus is on phonemic awareness and how our students, especially at risk readers, learn through phonetic instruction. There has been research done that identifies phonetic instruction with reading success for students therefore associating an at risk reader with a lack of phoneme awareness instruction. This article encourages the use of phoneme activities that will benefit our readers and their reading success in the future. One example being 'playing' with sounds in the class, not 'drilling' them, using the activities as variety throughout the day. Check it out!

Syllable Stress - is on a site that deals with ESL World Wide. In addition, this site breaks down words and gives plenty of examples. This website is full of different resources that we can use in our classrooms!

Xhosa Language- Xhosa is one of the official languages of South Africa and is a member of the Bantu/Nguni family of languages. Xhosa's click consonants were most likely borrowed from the Khoisan languages as a result of long and extensive interaction between the Xhosa and Khoisan peoples.

If the video doesn't work... Click here

The Pirahá language uses hum as part of their language to communicate. Click here to view the video

Rachel's English:This website is created to help people improve their American English pronunciation. At the core is a series of videos explaining in detail how each sound is created

Phil's EFL: This website has an overview of phonology and a few web based activities for practice

Animal Sounds – Badge